The 35th President of United States of America, John F Kennedy was born on May 29, 1917. His father Joseph Kennedy was head of the SEC and Ambassador to Great Britain. John F. Kennedy having born in a wealthy family attended private schools like the prep school, Choate. He majored in political science from Howard during 1936-40.
John F Kennedy had a military career which extended from 1941 to 45. He ended his time as a lieutenant after serving the Navy during World War II. His heroic service gained him the Purple Heart and Navy and Marine Corps medal. Kennedy worked as a journalist for some time after leaving the Navy. Pretty soon John F. Kennedy showed his interests in politics by running for the House of Representatives. An independent thinker, he was re-elected twice and elected senator serving a period from 1953 to 61.
John F. Kennedy was nominated to run for Presidency against the vice president of Eisenhower – Richard Nixon – during 1960. Kennedy won the elections though by a very small margin of popular votes. Kennedy did find difficulty in getting his domestic programs through the Congress. In spite of this Kennedy brought certain reforms which included better social security benefits, increased minimum wages and passing off an urban renewal package. The Peace Corps created by Kennedy which aimed at sending man to the moon attracted a good deal of support.
The foreign policies of Kennedy started with the Bay of Pigs debacle during 1961 which unfortunately was a failure. The Bay of Pigs invasion was launched during April 1961 where, with support and encouragement from US government, a CIA trained force of Cuban exiles tried to invade southern Cuba. The capture of the exiles harmed the reputation of the United States.
The Presidency period of Pres John F Kennedy also saw the construction of the Berlin Wall. By the end of World War II Germany was divided into two zones. The Eastern Germany occupied by the Soviet Union was becoming more of a communist state whereas West Germany occupied by the US, France and Great Britain benefited from a capitalist democracy. The city of Berlin was also divided.
President John F Kennedy’s attempt to negotiate with the Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev during June 1961 proved unsuccessful. The Soviet leader even threatened to cut off Allied access to West Berlin. On August 13, 1961 the construction of the Berlin Wall was initiated by the Soviet leader. Meanwhile the US was getting ready to counter any possible attack from the Soviet Union.
By the fall of 1963, Kennedy was preparing for the next presidential campaign though his candidacy was not formally announced. He addressed democratic gatherings in various locations. On November 22, 1963 John F. Kennedy made his fateful trip to Dallas. Pres John F Kennedy was shot as his vehicle was passing the Texas School Book Depository at around 12:30 PM. In spite of earnest efforts of doctors at the Parkland Memorial Hospital, John F. Kennedy was pronounced dead at 1 PM.
Police arrested Lee Harvey Oswald who was suspected to be the assassin. Lee was killed by Jack Ruby before standing trial. Contrary to the Warren Commission’s suggestion that Lee acted independently to kill Kennedy, Americans still believe that there was a plot to the assassination of President John F Kennedy. This is a topic of debate even today.