The American Revolutionary War was a really messy time. Begun in 1775 it met a formal end only in 1783. It was a War fought between Britain and the thirteen American colonies in the New World, originally founded by the British but who then demanded independence. The British refused to cede control over to them and thus sparked off War.
The colonies won and the United States of America was born in 1781 AD. The leaders of the New World unanimously agreed that they needed ground rules in order to run their new government. Except Rhode Island all the other States sent representatives to discuss these rules. The now-reputed Benjamin Franklin came from Pennsylvania. Women, non-Christians and colored people were denied permission to join.
One of the topics they discussed was that the rich and poor should be made equal in government. As with all political ventures of this magnitude, disagreement arose which stated the rich were more capable of running the US than the poor. Some men in the discussion groups voiced their opinion on how States should have independent rights to run their affairs, but others felt the ‘United’ States had to have a say in what they were to do as one.
After much deliberation and compromise, the leaders of the ‘Free World’ came up with this sentence, one that’s enjoyed heightened fame ever since:
We, the people of the United States, are writing this Constitution in order to have justice, to have peace, to be able to defend ourselves, to be better off, and to be free—not just for ourselves, but for all our children and descendants.
Apart from that, here are the other salient points; paraphrased, of course.
• Decisions soon created a Senate and a House of Representatives, all representatives comprising men in the misogynistic America of those times. Laws sourced from these guys, those having to do with State issues and also the country as a whole. These two law bodies made up the Congress which was bestowed with the responsibility of levying taxes, defending the nation and promoting better lifestyle among the citizens. They were also to run post offices, mint America’s currency, permit patents and copyrights and such like.
• A President was to head the government and was to assume the post of commander-in-chief of both the army and navy. On two-third of the Senators agreeing, he can make treaties with other countries and also appoint judges for the Supreme Court.
• Speaking of which, the Supreme Court’s job, among other things, is to see if the President and Congress are doing their jobs well and justly, according to the Constitution. Court cases are their prerogative, ones involving a jury.
• Lastly, each State has to remain honorable about what another State stipulates. Example: If crime committed in one State escapes into another, that State should send the source of that crime back to face justice.
After the Constitution was finalized, some leaders who were part of its making demanded clearer stipulations concerning people’s rights so the Bill of Rights was appended to the Constitution.